Compost is a term derived from the French term ‘componere’. For those who are not much aware of the gardening basics, compost is a mix of decayed matter that is mostly used for the purpose of conditioning and fertilizing. Organic matter is forms the raw matter of the composting process. With time, it breaks down and forms what is known as humus composting.
The essential ingredients are: moisture, organic waste, bacteria and oxygen. Following the formation of the compost, the ground should be covered at about three to four inches height. Then the soil should be plowed well to make sure that it has been absorbed by the soil.
If you want to make garden compost at home, there are several ways out. Firstly, get hold of a bin and then accumulate all the vegetables and fruits that you have kept aside to dump in the bin. You may also put in the eggshells and vegetable and fruit peels. Upon your discretion, you may also put in weeds, grass, dead leaves, straw and such other materials. The process is even better if the above materials are shredded before putting them into the bin.
Always make sure that you use materials that pace up the process only with the help of sufficient air and water. If you diligently follow what has been mentioned above, then within a span of two to five months, you can have the compost mix ready.
What forms the best part about the compost is that they are very good for the health of the soil as they are believed to be very rich in nutrients. Composts can be used on a variety of soil. Gardeners prefer clay soil with compost as it helps them to maintain a luxurious garden where they can grow a variety of fruits and vegetables.
It has been estimated that the average American household disposes of more than two hundred pounds of kitchen scrap waste yearly. This is waste that is going into our landfills when it could be enriching our gardens. Composting is a lot easier to achieve than most people realize. If you have an organized system, it will take no more time to compost than it does to trash your scraps.
There are many variations of compost bins available for purchase on the market ranging from simple to extravagant and expensive. You may choose this route, or you may like to build your own. This is a relatively simple task; you must just ensure that your bin or box is covered to keep animals away yet still allows for drainage and aeration. Many install a screen on the bottom of the bin to help with this problem.
Almost all forms of kitchen waste can be easily composted. This will make an inexpensive and yet rich fertilizer for your lawn or garden. There are two categories of commonly used composting items: green nitrogen rich substances and brown carbon rich ones:
Green materials that you can compost are: Herbivore animal manure, coffee grounds and filters, fruit trimmings, peeling remnants and cores, vegetable peelings, leaves and remnants, grains, grass clippings, green leaves, hair and fur, shredded newspaper, tea bags, and houseplants.
Brown Materials to be used for composting are: cardboard rolls that are shredded, clean paper that is shredded, dry leaves, straw, newspaper that is shredded, nut shells, pine needles, sawdust, wood ships, wool rags, vegetable stalks, crushed eggshells, and fireplace ash that is not from coal.
Here are items that you should take care not to add to your compost pile: Anything containing chemicals or that has been chemically treated, bird droppings, bones, cat or dog feces, human waste, ashes from coal, colored paper, dairy products, diseased plants, grease in any form, and treated wood or wood products. These substances can be toxic to both plants and humans
You generally want to try to keep a ratio of brown to green material at 25:1. Carbon materials break down very slowly and will keep your compost pile from completely decomposing and being ready to use. On the other hand, if too many nitrogen substances exist, this can create a bad odor that will also attract animals to your bin.
I’m not out to save the planet. I don’t have the energy, nor the passion. It doesn’t mean that I’m destructive, or don’t care. It just means that my motivation for my “green-ness” comes from a more….uh….self-serving purpose.
I enjoy a great deal of pride when I’m able to share a comfortable and relaxing environment with my guests. For that to happen, I need a nice home and yard. Yard work really sucks, but I do it cause I enjoy the results.
There’s no better eatin’ than fresh veggies from the garden. They taste even better when you’ve grown them yourself. Tending a garden is a whole lot of work (similar to the yard work, above), but the end result is worth it.
Our home sits on a one acre lot. That’s not huge, but it gives us a little space. It, also, gives us about 25,000 sq. ft. of lawn to mow. Which brings me to the reason I compost. Throwing the clippings in a pile sure beats loading them onto the trailer and hauling them to the landfill. With a little extra effort, I can get that stuff to turn to “dirt” and use it to grow better veggies.
So, what about the rest of my property. We still have plenty of space to grow weeds. Have you ever priced out a gallon of weed killer? My goodness! I thought it was expensive to fuel my pickup.
Was I ever pleased to learn that I could swipe my wife’s household materials to kill the weeds! You should see this list of home grown weed killers that Hanna posted at her “This Garden is Illegal” blog. Not only has she identified several inexpensive and readily available substances, she has described how to use them.
Now, my wife is talking about locking all our cabinets.
Building a garden compost bin doesn’t have to be difficult. I found on Instructables, a very simple design for building your own compost bin. This is a very simple project that anyone can easily do for very little money.
Don't blow your money on useless materials or waste your time with back-breaking labor while trying to grow a healthy garden. You can easily create the mother of all plant nutrition right in your backyard, using less time, energy, or money than you ever imagined was possible.